Takhi

Holy Animal of Mongolia


Population Great Gobi B SPA 235 Animals
back home since 1992

read more

Great Gobi B

Biosphere Reserve


Area 9'000 km2
Height
aprox. 1000 Meter above sea level

South-West Mongolia




read more

Takhi

Holy Animal of Mongolia


Population Great Gobi B SPA 235 Animals
back home since 1992


read more

Great Gobi B

Biosphere Reserve


Area 9'000 km2
Height
aprox. 1000 Meter above sea level

South-West Mongolia

read more

Takhi

Holy Animal of Mongolia


Population Great Gobi B SPA 235 Animals
back home since 1992

read more

Takhi

Holy Animal of Mongolia


Population Great Gobi B SPA 235 Animals
back home since 1992

read more

Great Gobi B

Biosphere Reserve


Area 9'000 km2
Height
aprox. 1000 Meter above sea level

South-West Mongolia



read more

Great Gobi B

Biosphere Reserve


Area 9'000 km2
Height
aprox. 1000 Meter above sea level

South-West Mongolia



read more

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Animals of der Great Gobi B

A rich Fauna braves the harsh Conditions

Takhi and Khulan - best known Animals in the Gobi B

The best known animals in the Great Gobi B are the Takhi equus przewalski, the Khulan equus hemionus and the Goitered Gazelle Gazella subgutturosa. The largest predator however is the wolf canis lupus. But also the Red Fox vulpes vulpes and the Korsak vulpes corsac occur.

Lynx lynx lynx and Snow Leopard panthera uncia live in Great Gobi B's southwest, together with a small feline animal the Manul otocolobus manul. In the southern mountains, we find the argali, a big wild sheep and the Siberian Capricorn capra ibex sibirica, the latter occuring also in the Altai mountains north of the protected area.

Small mammals such as the long-eared hedgehog hemiechinus auritus and many of the 25 different kinds of rodents are mostly nocturnal.

Almost a hundred Species of Birds

97 bird species spend the whole year or part of it in the Great Gobi B.

The Pallas's Sandgrouse syrrhaptes paradoxus, which is typical for the Gobi B, can be seen in the morning and in the evening at the water points; one of the most common species is the Horned Lark eremophila alpestris. Furthermore the Demoiselle Crane anthropoides virgo, with its nest made of small stones, is very common.

In the Great Gobi B, we find 12 different species of birds of prey. The most impressive species are the Black Vulture aegypius monachus, the Bearded Vulture gypaetus barbatus, the Steppe Eagle aquila nipalensis and the Golden Eagle aquila chrysaetos.

Only a few Reptile Species

The reptile fauna ist comparatively small. The most famous species is the Toad Headed Lizard prynocephalus versicolor

Protected - Yes! But not really loved!

With an estimated number of 20'000 animals, Mongolia is the main retreat area for the Asian Wild Ass equus hemionus, the Khulan. In Gobi B, a few thousand Khulans live in groups of changing compositions. In spite of the big - but decreasing - number of Khulans there is few reliable data on their ecology and use of the area.

Since 1953 the Khulan has been protected. Yet the growth of the human population and the harsh winters of the last years led to  increasing conflicts between Nomads and the Khulans.

  • Human presence at the water points hampers the use of a life-sustaining resource for the Khulans.
  • Khulans are regarded as concurrents to the domestic and farm animals on the grasslands.
  • Massive loss of domestic animals led some nomads to poach the Khulan for its meat.

Wolves - the most dreaded Predators

The wolf is the biggest predator in the Great Gobi B Stictly Protected Area. He is seen regularly, but uses vast areas for roaming, porven by a a wolf with a radio transmitter which roamed an area of 143‘000 km2 in 2 years time.

The wolf is an important selection factor for the Takhis. Foals are regular prey for him, sometimes he also hunts for older horses. The local nomads loose approximately 1-2% of their livestock to wolves. Losses among unherded horses, cattle and domestic camels are significantly higher than those among the well herded sheeps and goats.

The legal status of the wolf in Mongolia leaves scope for special regulations. Outside of the protected areas wolves may be hunted at any time and by any means. Within those areas shooting of wolves is permitted for the protection of endangered species or domestic animals only. Still the wolf population is not endangered yet.

No wolf was killed in the Gobi B Strictly Protected Area during the past years. Wolves can be seen on a regular basis, however its population densitiy is not high.